Typescript Array Tutorial with Examples

Typescript Array: Learn with usage examples.

Array Object in TypeScript

Arrays are fundamental in any programming language, serving as containers for multiple values under a single collection name. In web applications, arrays are commonly used to store lists of objects, JSON values, custom entries, and primitive values.

In TypeScript, arrays are considered objects or elements, each accessible via an index.

  • Arrays Declaration Syntax

Arrays in TypeScript can be declared using various syntaxes. The var keyword is used along with the variable name and data type.

var  variableArrayName[:Data-type];
variableArrayName=[list of objects/elements]
var variableArrayName[:Array[Data-type]];
variableArrayName=[list of objects/elements]

Here, variableArrayName is a valid identifier in TypeScript, and DataType represents the type of data in the array.

An array is a keyword in typescript. datatype A datatype is a valid primitive or custom type.

How to Declare and Initialize Arrays in TypeScript?

Arrays can be declared and initialized in multiple ways in TypeScript.

One way is to declare a variable with a type and empty square brackets([])

var array1: string[];

Then, initialize the array with values. Here, an empty array is assigned with values.

array1 = [];

These two steps can be combined into a single line:

var array1: string[] = [];

Secondly, Arrays can also be declared and initialized using the Array type:

var array2: string[] = new Array();
var array3: string[] = Array();
var array5: Array = new Array();
var array6: Array = Array();

Thirdly, Additionally, arrays can be initialized directly with values:

var array1: string[] = ["one", "two", "three"];

The above array contains values at index 0 (‘one’), index 1 (‘two’), and index 2 (‘three’).

We can also declare an array without a data type, the data type is inferred from assigned data. Compiler assumes from the data type of the array can be decided based on the values of an array.

We will see array examples to check the typeof of an array, the length of an array, and retrieve an element from an array.

var array1: string[] = ["one", "two", "three"];
console.log(typeof array1); //returns object
console.log(array1.length); //returns 3
console.log(array1[0]); // returns 'one'
console.log(array1[1]); // returns 'two'
console.log(array1[2]); // returns 'three'
console.log(array1[3]); // returns undefined

Let’s see array of example

  • to check the type of array
  • length of an array
  • retrieve an element from the array

How to Declare Arrays of Objects in TypeScript?

In TypeScript, interfaces or classes are commonly used to declare objects. For example, let’s declare a class for an employee:

var emps: string[] = new Array(2);
for (var i = 0; i < emps.length; i++) {
var newemps: string[] = new Array("test1", "test2"); // accepts parameters separted by comma in Array object Constrcutor

How do declare Arrays of Objects?

In typescript, interfaces or classes are used to declare an object. Let’s declare a class in typescript for employee

interface Employee{
    constructor(_id:number, _name:string) {
    this.id = _id;
    this.name = _name;

One way, Let’s declare an array of objects with the square bracket syntax

let emps: Employee[] = [];

Another way is, Declare an array with Array syntax

let emps1: Array<Emloyee>;

And also, declare an array using an array with a type of objects in it as seen below

let employees: Array<{ id: number, name: string }>;

finally, declare and initialize an array of objects using single statements

let emps: Employee[] = [new Employee(11, "John"), new Employee(12, "Eric")];

Similarly, initialization can be done by assigning json string objects as seen below

let emps: Employee[] = [
    id: 11,
    name: "John",
    id: 12,
    name: "Eric",

How to Declare Array Strings in TypeScript?

Arrays of strings can be created similarly to arrays of objects, using either empty arrays or the parameter constructor:

var emps: string[] = new Array(2);
for (var i = 0; i < emps.length; i++) {
var newemps: string[] = new Array("test1", "test2"); // accepts parameters separted by comma in Array object Constrcutor

you can also see typescript array of object declaration

Array Destructuring in TypeScript

Array Destructing, introduced in the latest JavaScript, is also implemented in TypeScript for both objects and arrays. It enhances code readability and reduces size.

Destructing code is more readable and reduces code size. Destructing is separating the elements of an array.

The below examples are to copy two variables without using third variables

var var1 = 5,
  var2 = 8;
console.log(var1, var2); // returned 5,8
[var1, var2] = [var2, var1];
console.log(var1, var2); // returned 8,5

In the same way, we can implement it in an array object.

var arrays: number[] = [7, 4, 5];
var [m, n] = arrays;
console.log(m, n); // 7, 4

Generated javascript using transpile is

var arrays = =[7, 4,5];
var x = arrays[0], y = arrays[1];
console.log(m, n); // 7, 4

Array Rest Destructuring in TypeScript

Array rest destructuring, involving the rest operator, is used for extracting multiple elements from an array.

var arrays: number[] = [7, 4, 5, 12];
var [m, n, ...q] = arrays;
console.log(m, n); // 7, 4
console.log(q); // 5,12

We will see the array ignore destructing.

var arrays: number[] = [7, 4, 5, 12];
var [m, , ...q] = arrays;
console.log(m); // 7
console.log(q); // 5,12

Using an empty variable and leaving empty separated by the comma

Array Object Properties length: returns the count of the elements in the Array Object. Array Object Methods Array Object has different methods provided to manipulate an array of elements.

reverse()Reverse order of elements in the array. The last element will be the first element, the First element will last element.
Push()takes one or more elements as parameters, adds this element to the end of an array, and returns the new length of the array
pop()Delete an element from an array from the last position
concat()takes one or more elements as parameters, adds this element to an original array, and returns the new array by concat this
slice()takes to start and end index, return the part of array elements
toString()outputs string form of array object
shift()delete the first element from an array index zero elements and returns the first element
unshift()takes one more element and these elements at the start of an array ie zero index position, return the completely new array elements

We will see real use cases of arrays with the example in the following section.

How to remove an element from an array in typescript?

using the splice method, we can remove the element from an array.

splice(0,1) - this elements remove the first element and return it.

the first parameter indicates were starting from an array i.e starting element. the second parameter indicates the number of elements to remove. splice(arrays. length,1) It removes the last element and returns the last element.

How to declare a multidimensional array in typescript?

Multidimensional arrays are used for two-level arrays of mathematical matrix objects. It contains an array of array values.

Arrays contain elements which elements hold arrays. Multidimensional arrays can be declared and initialized as follows.

var dimensions: number[][] = [
  [11, 12, 13],
  [3, 2, 5],
console.log(dimensions[0][0]); // returns 11
console.log(dimensions[0][1]); // returns 12
console.log(dimensions[0][2]); // returns 13
console.log(dimensions[1][0]); // returns 3
console.log(dimensions[1][1]); // returns 2
console.log(dimensions[1][2]); // returns 5

Using Index, we can retrieve elements like a normal array with multiple dimensional indexes.

How to Convert JSON to Array object in typescript

In Applications, We used to get data from REST in the form of a JSON object. From the front end, we need to manipulate JSON objects and display them in the user interface. Converting JSON to arrays is the must-use case that the developer gets to know for efficient programming.

const json = {
  Employees: [
    { id: "1", name: "john" },
    { id: "2", name: "Franc" },
    { id: "3", name: "Kiran" },

const arraysItem = json.Employees.map((emp) => emp.name);
console.log(arraysItem); //return array with three elements -john,Franc,Kiran

How to hold multiple data types values in the array

Usually, arrays hold similar values of the same data type. We can also hold multiple data types like tuple array example.

An example of tuple types

var types1: [number, string] = [11, "cloudhadoop"];
console.log(types1); //return index0 - 11, index1 - cloudhadoop

How to Sort an array in typescript

Arrays.sort(comparator) method is used to sort the elements in an array

let list = ["11", "5", "9"];
console.log(list); // return - return 11,5,9
list.sort((p, q) => p - q);
console.log(list); // Ascending Order - return 5,9,11

let data = [
  { value: "testuser", key: 11 },
  { value: "demo", key: 31 },
  { value: "zoo", key: 2 },

Sorting JSON objects based on keys and values and converting to Array:

// sort value in natural ascending  order
data.sort((d1, d2) => {
  if (d1.value > d2.value) return 1;
  if (d1.value < d2.value) return -1;
  return 0;


{value: "demo", key: 31},
{value: "testuser", key: 11},
{value: "zoo", key: 2},

here is a code for the natural order

// sort key in natural ascending  order
data.sort((d1, d2) => {
  if (d1.key > d2.key) return 1;
  if (d1.key < d2.key) return -1;
  return 0;

{value: "zoo", key: 2},
{value: "testuser", key: 11},
{value: "demo", key: 31}

How to Iterate/loop elements/objects in a typescript array?

We can use forEach or normal for loop to iterate objects.

In the same logic, we can use a loop object in an array

let list = ["11", "5", "9"];
list.forEach((element) => {

//returns 11,5,9


In summary, this guide provides comprehensive coverage of arrays in TypeScript, accompanied by illustrative examples. Arrays serve as essential data structures in programming, and mastering their usage is fundamental for effective TypeScript development.