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Reactjs Fix Failed form propType: You provided a `value` prop to a form field and an `onChange` handler


If you are learning to react and working on applications, we used to get the following errors.

Initially, I got the following errors while learning reacts framework.

This blog post talks about the solution for Failed form propType errors in input controls.

  • Failed form propType: You provided a value prop to a form field without an onChange handler
  • Failed form propType: You provided a checked prop to a form field without an onChange handler

This error comes in the following cases.

the input form declared with initializing value attribute without onchange Handler

Like HTML form handling, React also supports form input control handling with two approaches.

Fix for form propType: You provided a value prop to a form field and an onChange handler

Let’s see how this error comes with react component.

Created a simple react component with input type=text".

import React, { Component } from 'react';

class TestComponent extends Component {
    render() {
        return (
            <div>
                <input type="text" value="Test value" ></input>
            </div>
        );
    }
}

export default TestComponent;

And you will see the error on the console React error Fix Failed form propType: You provided a `value` prop to a form field  an `onChange` handler

Another way, Created another component with input type=checkbox, able to reproduce the issue.

                <input type="checkbox" checked="true" ></input>

you got the below error in the console

Warning: You provided a checked prop to a form field without an onChange handler. It will render a read-only field. If the field should be mutable use defaultChecked. Otherwise, set either onChange or readOnly.

You are setting input values initially using a value attribute, So you can use a placeholder for it.

Solution and Fix for You provided a checked prop to a form field without an onChange handler

UI form has its start and react has a separate state object which holds form data.

In React, Form handling is done using the below approaches

Handling state by React

Controlled Component In this, form input is controlled by React component itself using state object with the useState method

This error is thrown in the console in the below cases Missing required attributes and directives in Controlled and uncontrolled components

Then, What are the required things for controlled components?

Value for input elements and checked for radio and checkbox attribute is updated by React component from state object while user typing or selecting the input control.

ok, How and to whom do you update the state?

State object in react is updated using setState() method, and onChange directive is fired while keystroke is entered in input, so you will update state in onChange event handler

In the below form handling is done by React component, User entered data on the input-form, onChange event fired and handler is executed, get the value and update the state using setState object

import React, { Component } from 'react';

class TestComponent extends Component {
    constructor(props) {
        super(props);
        this.state = {
            name: ""
        }

    }
    onChangeEvent = (event) => {
        const newName = event.target.value;
        this.setState({
            name: newName
        })
    }
    render() {
        const { name } = this.state;

        return (
            <div>
                <input
                    type="text"
                    placeholder="Enter Name..."
                    value={name}
                    onChange={(event) => this.onChangeEvent(event)} />
                <div>{name}</div>

            </div>
        );
    }
}

export default TestComponent;

In the same way for checkboxes, We will use the onChange event handler to update the state which bound to the checked value.

Form handling with DOM

In this, the input form data is handled by the Inbuilt DOM itself. This is called Uncontrolled Components

So errors, when you don’t specify the following attributes

defaultValue for input text controls defaultChecked for radio and checkbox

These attributes are used for configuring default values while showing the form to the user. Then, How does DOM update the data?

Here DOM handles the data, refs in react are used to retrieve the values from DOM.

Here is the complete code and explanation

  • Defined input bounded to submit handler which is bounded in constructor
  • Added ref to input element which initialized React.createRef() in constructor
  • Input form is initialized with defaultValue for input type=text/textarea/select
  • For checkbox and radio types, use defaultChecked
  • In the submit event handler, input values is retrieved using this.input.current.value
import React, { Component } from 'react';

class TestComponent extends Component {
    constructor(props) {
        super(props);
        this.onSubmitEvent = this.onSubmitEvent.bind(this);
        this.input = React.createRef();
    }
    onSubmitEvent = (event) => {
        event.preventDefault();
        console.log(this.input.current.value)
    }
    render() {

        return (
            <form onSubmit={this.onSubmitEvent}>
                <label>
                    Name:
              <input
                        defaultValue="Franc"
                        type="text"
                        ref={this.input} />
                </label>
                <input type="submit" value="Submit" />
            </form>
        );
    }
}

export default TestComponent;

Conclusion

In this tutorial, we will learn how to fix Fix for form propType error in reacting with controlled and uncontrolled components for example.

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