{

How to delete a file or folder in python with example


This tutorial explains file and folder delete in python with code examples.

File delete is an file operation that delete a file from a directory.

directory delete is an operation that delete files and folders in a directory

Python File delete example

There are multiple ways we can delete a file

  • remove the file using os.remove() function

    • Import the os module into the code
    • Check file exists or not using os.path.isfile() function
    • if a file exists, Remove the file by calling os.remove() function
    • else return file does not exist message

Here is an example

import os
if(os.path.isfile("./emp1.json")):
    # remove a file using remove
    os.remove("./emp1.json")
    print("File removed")
else:
    print("File does not exist")

  • delete single file using os.unlink() function `os.unlink() function internally calls os.remove() function. It is similar to the unix unlink operation.

    • Import os module into the code
    • Check file exists or not using os.path.isfile() function
    • if file exists, Remove the file by calling os.unlink() function
    • else return file does not exist message Here is an example
import os
if(os.path.isfile("./emp1.json")):
    # remove a file using unlink
    os.unlink("./emp1.json")
    print("File removed")
else:
    print("File does not exist")
  • Delete a file using pathlib.Path.unlink function

Python 3.4 introduced Path class in pathlib module. pathlib.Path.unlink() removes the file.

  • Create a Path Object
  • Call calling path.unlink() to remove a file

Here is an example

import os
from pathlib import Path
file = Path("./emp1.json")


if(os.path.isfile("./emp1.json")):
    # remove a file
    file.unlink()
    print("File removed")
else:
    print("File does not exist")

How to delete Empty folder or directory in Python example

To delete an empty directory in a python, Please follow the below steps

  • Import os module into codebase.
  • call os.rmdir() or Pathlib.rmdir() function to remove a empty directory
  • It removes a directory and returns None.
  • It throws FileNotFoundError if the directory not exists using os.rmdir() function:
import os
print(os.rmdir("directory1"))

using pathlib.rmdir() function:

import pathlib

directory = pathlib.Path("directory")
directory.rmdir()

How do you delete files and subfolders in directory

To delete a directory and files inside a directory in python, Please follow the below steps

  • Import os and shutil moduled into codebase.
  • Create a path os.path.join(abspath,directory) with abspath is a absolute path location,directory is a directory to remove
  • call shutil.rmtree(path) function to remove a directory
  • It removes a directory and it’s files and returns None.
  • It throws FileNotFoundError if directory not exists

Here is an example

import os
import shutil 
path = os.path.join("./", "directory") 
shutil.rmtree(path)

How do you delete a file in Python?

To delete a file in python, Please follow the below steps

  • Import os module into codebase.
  • call os.remove() to remove a file
  • It removes a file and returns None.
  • It throws FileNotFoundError if file not exists File can be deleted using os.remove() function
THE BEST NEWSLETTER ANYWHERE
Join 6,000 subscribers and get a daily digest of full stack tutorials delivered to your inbox directly.No spam ever. Unsubscribe any time.

Similar Posts
Subscribe
You'll get a notification every time a post gets published here.