How to Check if the page is reloaded or refreshed in JavaScript

Sometimes, We want to check if the page is reloaded or refreshed.

A page can be refreshed or reloaded by doing the following things.

  • keypress F5 from the user
  • page reload using location.reload()
  • back or forward button from a browser
  • Typing URL in a browser
  • or clicking a link to reload a specific page
  • Submit form
  • Prerender a page

Check if the page is reloaded or refreshed in javascript

Javascript provides a window. performance.navigation object which has supported in all the latest browsers.

window.performance.navigation provides the type of the reload

console.log(window.performance.navigation); //PerformanceNavigation {type: 1, redirectCount: 0}
console.log(window.performance.getEntriesByType("navigation")); //


PerformanceNavigation {type: 1, redirectCount: 0}
[PerformanceNavigationTiming]0: PerformanceNavigationTimingconnectEnd: 0.5connectStart: 0.5decodedBodySize: 0domComplete: 2165.699999988079domContentLoadedEventEnd: 2165.5domContentLoadedEventStart: 2165.5domInteractive: 2165.5domainLookupEnd: 0.5domainLookupStart: 0.5duration: 2165.699999988079encodedBodySize: 0entryType: "navigation"fetchStart: 0.5initiatorType: "navigation"loadEventEnd: 2165.699999988079loadEventStart: 2165.699999988079name: ""nextHopProtocol: ""redirectCount: 0redirectEnd: 0redirectStart: 0requestStart: 0.5responseEnd: 3.100000023841858responseStart: 0.5secureConnectionStart: 0serverTiming: []startTime: 0transferSize: 300type: "reload"unloadEventEnd: 0unloadEventStart: 0workerStart: 0[[Prototype]]: PerformanceNavigationTiminglength: 1[[Prototype]]: Array(0)

It returns four values 0,1,2,3 0 means the page is reloaded using form submit or loaded the first time 1 reload the page using refresh or location.reload() 2 users clicked the back and forward history buttons 3 loaded using prerender way

let data = window.performance.getEntriesByType("navigation")[0].type;



You can also check other ways using session or cookie to store time And compare the previous timestamp with a current stamp to know that page is reloaded. However, you can not know which type causes the page to reload.