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Java8- Learn LocalDateTime Basics with Example


Java8- Learn LocalDateTime Basics with Example

What is java.time.LocalDateTime in java8?

LocalDateTime is introduced in java8 language as part of Date and Time API enhancement.

It represents Date and time without timezone information. Example LocalDateTime object displays as 2022-12-14T06:12:40.

It is an immutable object, which means once the object is created, will not be modified.

It is used to store dates like birthdays and holidays with time information.

LocalDate contains the only year, month, Day, hour, minute, second with nano-precision.

Here is LocalDateTime Syntax and Signature

This class implements ChronoLocalDateTime of LocalDate interface.

public final class LocalDateTime  
        implements Temporal, TemporalAdjuster, ChronoLocalDateTime<LocalDate>, Serializable 

Let’s see examples LocalDateTime class.

How to get the Current Date and Time in java?

There are multiple ways we can get the current date and time in java.

  • using now() method now() method return the date and time using default system time zone.
import java.time.LocalDateTime;

public class LocalDateTimeExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LocalDateTime currentDateTime = LocalDateTime.now();
        System.out.println(currentDateTime); //2021-12-14T18:13:40.564
    }
}
  • using of() method

It has a static of() method, takes java.time.LocalDate and java.time.LocalTime to create LocalDateTime object.

Here is an example of a method usage.

import java.time.LocalDate;
import java.time.LocalDateTime;
import java.time.LocalTime;

public class LocalDateTimeExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LocalDateTime currentDateTime  = LocalDateTime.of(LocalDate.now(), LocalTime.now());
        System.out.println(currentDateTime);
    }
}


How to Convert String Date to LocalDateTime in java?

The LocalDateTime has parse method which accepts string object and DateTimeFormatter instance.

The datetimeformatter object created with date pattern

import java.time.LocalDate;
import java.time.LocalDateTime;
import java.time.format.DateTimeFormatter;

public class OptionalClassExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String string = "2022-12-12 12:30";
        DateTimeFormatter dateTimeFormatter = DateTimeFormatter.ofPattern("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm");
        LocalDateTime localDateTime = LocalDateTime.parse(string, dateTimeFormatter);
        System.out.println(localDateTime); //2022-12-12 12:30
    }
}

How to Convert LocalDateTime to java.util.Date?

The date is a legacy class and LocalDateTime introduces in the java8 version.
Sometimes, We need to convert LocalDateTime to Date class.

Here is an example

import java.time.LocalDateTime;
import java.util.Date;

public class OptionalClassExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LocalDateTime localDateTime =LocalDateTime.now();
        Date date = java.sql.Timestamp.valueOf( localDateTime );
        System.out.println(date);
    }
}

How to Convert LocalDateTime to Instant?

It provides ofInstant() method which takes instant object and zone id - system default zone id LocalDateTime.toInstant() method is used to Convert LocalDateTime to Instant.

import java.time.Instant;
import java.time.LocalDateTime;
import java.time.ZoneId;

public class OptionalClassExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Instant instant = Instant.now();
        LocalDateTime localDateTime = LocalDateTime.ofInstant(instant, ZoneId.systemDefault());
        System.out.println(localDateTime);
    }
}

How to Create LocalDatetime from Epcoh milliseconds?

System.currentTimeMillis() returns current Epcoh milliseconds. Create Instant using Instant.ofEpochMilli() method, convert Instant to LocalDate time.

import java.time.Instant;
import java.time.LocalDateTime;
import java.time.ZoneId;
import java.util.TimeZone;

public class OptionalClassExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        LocalDateTime localDateTime =
                LocalDateTime.ofInstant(Instant.ofEpochMilli(System.currentTimeMillis()), TimeZone
                        .getDefault().toZoneId());
        System.out.println(localDateTime);
    }
}

Conclusion

This tutorial is about LocalDateTime tutorial with examples

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