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Difference between gradle and maven build tools


In this tutorial, Compare maven with gradle and the difference between these two tools.

Difference between gradle and Maven build tool Gradle is an open-source build automation tool for building Java and android projects. It uses the configuration in domain-specific language with groovy or kotlin syntax. Gradle configuration is conventional syntax in files are defined as

  • build.gradle for groovy script
  • build.gradle.kts for kotlin script

Gradle performance is a good and simple configuration to build projects in the web and mobile application.

Maven is an open-source project management tool in java.

It uses the configuration in XML file format Configurations are defined in pom.xml

Parameter Gradle Maven
functionality It is based on a group of tasks dependencies that run together It is fixed goals like clean install
Configuration type Uses Domain scripting syntax XML file format
File build.gradle for groovy and build.gradle.kls for kotlin pom.xml is the maven file

|Performance| Performance is good compared with maven due to build cache and incrementable build and daemon process | Maven also uses build caches but performance is less compared with gradle| |Android support|Google official supports this as android build tool| maven is not supported | |Languages|Supports java, groovy, c, and c++|Supports java c+ sharp| |Customization build configuration| Easy to customize|Hard to customize| |Dependencies| Supports dependency management with directory structure| Easy to get dependencies| |IDE supports|Supports Eclipse, Intelli, and Android studio| Supports all popular IDE| |Popularity|Gradle is less popular and more popular in Android market|Maven is more popular in build market and opensource projects| |Learning Curve| Learning curve is more| Easy to learn and adapt|

Conclusion

Learned the difference between gradle and maven.

Maven is very popular in open-source projects and easy to learn and adapt.

Gradle is gaining more popularity due to google adding a default build tool for android projects. Performance is good due to incremental build.

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