2 ways to List environment variables in command line windows

Environment variables are used to store the folder or file path with variable names.

Setting environment variables is required when installing java, tomcat, or derby applications.

The commands will not run as expected if environment variables are not set.

It’s difficult for a developer to tell whether environment variables are set or not from a command line in Windows.

This article explains different ways to print Windows environment variables from a command line.

  • set command
  • Get-ChildItem Env

set command to get environment variable list

set command in windows used to set the environment variables for command line scope


set VARIABLE=path/value

Here’s an example of setting JAVA HOME to the JDK route.

set JAVA_HOME=c:\JDK1.9

`SET command also lists all environment variables.

Here simple set command prints all environment variables configured already

CommonProgramFiles=C:\Program Files\Common Files
CommonProgramFiles(x86)=C:\Program Files (x86)\Common Files
CommonProgramW6432=C:\Program Files\Common Files

if you have a long list of environment variables, it is difficult to see on a single page,

Then, You can output all environment variables to a file or can view by page by page.

The below command uses pipe with more list out environment variables one page at a time, on clicking enter keystroke, navigate page by page to end of the result.

set | more

How do you print the environment variable list to a text file?

with > and set command, It prints the list to the output file.

Here is an example of usage

C:\>set > output.txt

This will output the environment variables list to the output.txt file.

Please note that administration permission is required to run this command, Otherwise, it gives Access is denied.

If you want to filter the list, you can use the below command with the keyword

C:\>set derby

Get-ChildItem Env to list environment variables with Windows PowerShell

It is another approach to print environment variables using Windows PowerShell.

First, go to windows + Run(R), type Windows PowerShell It will open PowerShell.

Run the below command to list the environment variable

Get-ChildItem Env:


It solves a problem for a developer to know the environment list for java/derby/maven installation.