Conditional if else in docker with examples

This tutorial explains How to write if-else conditional statements in Docker

Docker if else conditional arguments

Declared a variable environment

There are no IF else conditionals in the Docker file. You have to write a shell script syntax for if else condition

Use the RUN command with bash or Shell script to execute in a single line.

Here is a syntax file

You can write the RUN command in a single line or multiple lines

RUN if [ condition1 ]; then command1; else command2;  fi

Multiple lines by appending \

RUN if [ condition1 -o condition2 ]; then \
      command1; \
    else \
      command2; \

Here is an example

ARG environment
RUN if [ "$environment" = "production" ] ; then npm run build ; else npm run dev ; fi

In the same way we can write in multi-line commands by appending \

ARG environment
RUN if [ "$environment" = "production" ] ; then \
        npm run build ;\
        npm run dev; \

Pass the environment variable to the docker file using the --build-arg command Run the below command

docker build -t myimage . --build-arg environment=production
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