Convert NodeList to Array in javascript with examples

NodeList is a javascript inbuilt DOM object, that holds a collection of HTML document nodes. It represents a collection of document nodes used to select and modify DOM elements.

Array is a collection of plain objects. NodeList represents collections but there are no filter or iterate methods to do manipulation like Array before 2020.

NodeList introduced the forEach method in the 2020 DOM specification. This article includes possible ways of array kind of operation manipulation in Nodelist.

NodeList object in javascript

NodeList is an object returned with the result of document.querySelector() method.

For example, In a form, if you have five input text fields, the document.querySelector(input:text) method is used to select input fields and returns NodeList. Here, the querySelector DOM method selects the elements based on CSS selector classes.

It is difficult to manipulate and iterate nodelist directly, Hence, the developer has to convert nodelist to Array.

There are multiple ways, we can do convert nodelist to array in javascript/es6.

NodeList Iteration can be used in the following use cases.

  • MultiSelect dropdown selected elements
  • Input elements
  • Selecting multiple DIV selectors
  • selecting td, tr of HTML tables

Let us declare HTML elements and test each approach on how to iterate the nodelist.

In the following example, a list of items is displayed using the li element.


forEach Inbuilt method to convert NodeList to Array in Javascript

forEach is an inbuilt method in NodeList introduced in all the latest browsers in 2020. Old browsers don’t have support for this method.

To iterate in older browsers, use the following approaches.

  • Use polyfill
  • read other approaches in older browsers

You can find more about NodeList foreachπŸ”— forEach syntax

NodeList.forEach(callbackfunction) or
NodeList.forEach(function(currentitem, currentindex, nodeListObject) {
  // iteration code

the callback function is called for each element and accepts three arguments current item - current item pointed in the cursor of nodelist current index - current object index, optional nodeListObject - an object list applies to each element for manipulation, optional

const liListNodes = document.querySelectorAll("li");
console.log(liListNodes); // NodeList Array
liListNodes.forEach(function (item, index, newobject) {

And the output is

NodeList(6) [li, li, li, li, li, li]

convert NodeList to Array in Javascript using an ES5 slice

This was approach used for the ES5 language The slice method is used to convert a nodelist to an array.

const liListNodes = document.querySelectorAll("li");
var array =;
console.log(Array.isArray(array)); // true

convert NodeList to Array using ES6 Array examples

In the latest javascript. the following approaches convert to Array. It works in modern browsers only.

spread operator

spread operator is the latest addition to es6 latest javascript.

const liListNodes = document.querySelectorAll("li");
const liArray = [...liListNodes];
console.log(Array.isArray(liArray)); // true

Finally, This only works with modern browsers.

Array from the method

Array.from create an array from a string or an object. This was introduced in ES6.

from method introduced in ES6, works with any object with either length or iteration that exists on it.

Array.from(object / string);

It is a simple way of converting to the array and, It works only latest browsers. In DOM manipulation, document.querySelector(li) is used to select all the elements and returns NodeList.


const liListNodes = document.querySelectorAll("li");
console.log(liListNodes); // NodeList Array input.html:9 NodeList(6) [li, li, li, li, li, li]
console.log(Array.isArray(liListNodes)); // returns false

const liArray = Array.from(liListNodes);
console.log(Array.isArray(liArray)); // returns true