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How to convert json to/from object in angular|Typescript


convert json to/from object in Angular

Angular is the front-end MVC framework, It communicates with the server via JSON format and It uses typescript as a language, a superset of javascript with extra features type safety.

There are cases you need to send/consume the JSON object from angular application to/from REST API. needs to convert to/from object to JSON.

This post covers different ways to convert JSON to Object or object to json in angular.

This is also a popular interview question asked in angular/typescript-based jobs.

How to Convert/parse JSON to/from a javascript object in Angular application

In Applications, REST API is consumed in Angular applications using the HTTP library, The data comes in the format of JSON. Then How do you convert JSON to an object?

There are many ways we can parse JSON to/from a javascript object.

JSON is an inbuilt object in javascript language

There are two methods in JSON objects

  • JSON.stringify() method string version of an object, which is the conversion of an object to JSON string
  • JSON.parse() - parse string JSON object and creates javascript object
import { Component, OnInit } from "@angular/core";

@Component({
  selector: "my-app",
  templateUrl: "./app.component.html",
  styleUrls: ["./app.component.css"]
})
export class AppComponent implements OnInit {
  name = "Angular";
  stringJson: any;
  stringObject: any;
  courseList = [
    {
      courseid: "1",
      coursename: "Java programming",
      author: "Franc"
    },
    {
      courseid: "2",
      coursename: "Learn Typescript programming",
      author: "John"
    }
  ];

  ngOnInit() {
    // Convert String obect to JSON
    this.stringJson = JSON.stringify(this.courseList);
    console.log("String json object :", this.stringJson);
    console.log("Type :", typeof this.stringJson);

    // ConvertjSON to an object
    this.stringObject = JSON.parse(this.stringJson);
    console.log("JSON object -", this.stringObject);
  }
}

Here is an HTML code for displaying the output in the browser

<p>
Convert jsOn to/from Object Example</p>

<table>
      <tr *ngFor="let item of stringObject">
        <td>{{item.courseid}}</td>
        <td>{{item.coursename}}</td>
        <td>{{item.author}}</td>
      </tr>

</table>

The output you see in the browser and console.

Angular javascript json to object example

Parse/mapping JSON object as Typescript object in angular

create a typescript interface that declares all the fields of JSON objects

Course interface is created for the above json object.

export interface Course {
    couseid: string;
    coursename: string;
    author: string;
}

Next, the parse Course JSON object using the JSON.parse() method returns a generic object of type any. Cast the generic object to an object of type course.

It will not work in javascript. As we are converting generic to interface using typing feature in typescript.

The advantage of this approach is to avoid runtime errors as most of the type checking happens at compile time only.

let jsonObject: any = JSON.parse(course);
let course: Course = <Course>jsonObj;

parse Javascript object as json using json pInputText

In angular components, if you want to display the javascript object as in JSON prettier printed format. JSON pipe is used.

JSON pipe is an angular inbuilt pipe.

In the HTML template of components, provide the following line of code

{{stringObject | json }}

and output displayed is in the JSON format printed in the browser.

It helps the developer print JSON objects during debugging for any issues.

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