Typescript Guide to Decorators with code examples

What Are Decorators in TypeScript?

Decorators were introduced in TypeScript version 1.5 to extend the functionality of classes, methods, and properties. They serve as one of the design patterns in object-oriented programming.

Decorators can be attached to the following entities:

  • Class declarations
  • Methods
  • Properties
  • Arguments or parameters

How Do You Write a TypeScript Decorator?

TypeScript Decorators are functions declared with specific functionality. They are declared using @metadata at compile time and are attached to different classes and their member entities.

metadata is a function that executes at runtime and attaches its behavior accordingly.

Let’s declare a decorator print function:

function print(constructor: Function) {
  console.log("class decorator");

Add it to the class using @decorator:

class Employee {
  calculate() {
    return "calculation";

This calls the print function during object creation and prints a console.log message.

What Is a Property Decorator in TypeScript?

Decorators can be added to properties to provide additional functionality during runtime. Property functions are declared with target and propertyName, and they execute during property initialization.

const printVariable = (target: any, propertyName: string) => {

class Employee {
  firstName: string = "Eric";



TypeScript Decorator Examples

Design patterns offer solutions to recurring problems. This particular pattern enables the addition of functions and behavior to objects dynamically, thereby affecting the overall behavior of class objects.

TypeScript decorators can be applied to:

  • Methods
  • Classes
  • Properties
  • Parameters
  • Accessors

These features are experimental and may change in future versions. They are not available for normal code usage.

To enable decorators, the experimentalDecorators property must be configured in compiler settings, either via the command line or the tsconfig.json file.

Using the command line:

tsc --target ES5 --experimentalDecorators

For TypeScript projects, you can add “experimentalDecorators”: true in the compilerOptions of the tsconfig.json file:

  "compilerOptions": {
    "target": "ES5",
    "experimentalDecorators": true

Decorators syntax:


Decorators are declared with @symbol followed by the name of the metadata, where metadata is a function.

We will explore more decorator examples in future posts.


metadata is a function

We will see the decorator examples in future posts Class Decorator and Examples

For usage of a custom decorator, you can refer to the final keyword example in TypeScript