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How to retrieve x and y positions of html div elementin javascript


How to get x and y-axis positions for any HTML element in javascript?. Sometimes, We want to get x and y-axis coordinates for a given HTML element such as Div and img.

How to get x and y positions of HTML div element.

Javascript provides DOM API to access the object.

getBoundingClientRect() in javascript returns size of an element and position related to view port.

Here is an Syntax

DOMRect  obj=object.getBoundingClientRect()

DOMRect object contains the following properties.

  • bottom
  • height
  • left
  • right
  • top
  • width
  • x
  • y

All the values returned above are relative to the viewport.

<div id="test" style="width:150px; height:50px; border:1px solid red;">

</div>
function myFunction() {
  var div = document.getElementById("test");
  var domRect = div.getBoundingClientRect();
  x = domRect.left;
  y = domRect.top;
  w = domRect.width;
  h = domRect.height;
  console.log(domRect)
}

Output

DOMRect {x: 8, y: 8, width: 152, height: 52, top: 8, …}
bottom: 60
height: 52
left: 8
right: 160
top: 8
width: 152
x: 8
y: 8

It is easy to get coordinates like x and y using this method.

Another way using adding

DOMRect.left + window.scrollX for X cordinates DOMRect.top + window.scrollY for Y cordinates

here is an example code get element offset in javascript

var div = document.getElementById("test");
const docrect = div.getBoundingClientRect();
console.log(docrect.left + window.scrollX),
console.log(docrect.top + window.scrollY)

Conclusion

Multiple ways to retrieve x and y positions of an HTML element using getBoundingClientRect() method in javascript.

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