Learn Nginx installation on windows and Linux


Nginx is a popular opensource web server just like apache server. This will be used in the most popular websites to generate static HTML content.

Nginx Supports following features

  • SSL support
  • Load Balancing
  • Http Caching
  • Static files can be hosted
  • Http authentication
  • Rewrite support for redirection
  • Integrated Proxy and reverse proxy

In this blog, We will go through Nginx installation on Windows, Linux, and Ubuntu

Install on windows 

First please download latest from nginx-1.15.1.zip  , and extract it, place in C folder like c:\nginx-1.15.1 You can set environment variables if required to run nginx command from anywhere To check nginx installation using nginx -v command

C:\\nginx-1.15.1>nginx -v  
nginx version: nginx/1.15.1  

Nginx Command options

Options

Description

-? or -h

display documentation of help command

-v

Display Version of nginx server

-t

Test and display configuration information

-T

Test and dump configuration information

-s Signal

Sent a signal to nginx process, signals are quit, stop, reopen, reload

-c CustomFileName

Default configuration file is conf/nginx.conf. you can add customize custom configuration file to read

Start/Stop server in windows 

nginx -s stop - stopping the server
nginx -s quit - graceful stopping the server
nginx -s reload - reloading the configuration without restart server

 List out Master and child process

  
c:\nginx-1.15.1>tasklist /fi "imagename eq nginx.exe"  
Image Name                     PID Session Name        Session#    Mem Usage  
========================= ======== ================ =========== ============  
nginx.exe                    14288 Console                    1      6,008 K  
nginx.exe                     5032 Console                    1      6,020 K  

Log Location in windows are C:\nginx-1.15.1\logs.

**access.log** - each request logs to server have a entry in access.log  
**error.log** - if any error comes, you can check  error logs  

Install web server on Linux operation system

 It is very simple process install using prebuilt packages on Linux os, using yum command, first install epel package and update it using below command

  
sudo yum install epel-release  
sudo yum update  

Using Debian based packages

sudo apt-get install nginx  
sudo apt-get update  

How to get Error logs nginx logs are placed under /var/log/nginx

tail -f /var/log/nginx/error.log  

Display nginx version information

C:\nginx-1.15.1>nginx -v  
nginx version: nginx/1.15.1  

How to change default port Default port is 80. 

To change this to a different port, please modify nginx configuration

vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf  
listen       81;  
server_name  localhost;  
vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables   
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 81 -j ACCEPT  

And add this port to iptables configuration to allow this port

 vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables   
-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 81 -j ACCEPT

Now restart Nginx and iptables to reload these changes.

  
sudo service iptables restart;  
sudo service nginx restart  

Web server started with listening at 81 port.

setup configure nginx windows and linux
Now you are able to access web server http://localhost:81

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